Features: All ThermaCELL models use the same refills. Each. cartridge lasts up to 12 hours, and each mat lasts up to 4. hours. Refills can be stored for long periods of time. Cartridges and mats don't need to be used all at one time. For example, one could use the cartridge and mat for an. hour a day. Simply turn the unit off and restart when ready. If time between use will be more than a 1 week, store the mat in a dry, dark place. The repellent, allethrin, is a synthetic. analog of a naturally occurring insecticide,. pyrethrin, found in the pyrethrum flower, a member. of the chrysanthemum family.